By Elisabeth Bakke,Ingo Peters

ISBN-10: 1780680392

ISBN-13: 9781780680392

On nine November 1989, the Berlin Wall used to be opened, signalling the start of the top of the communist regimes in critical and japanese Europe. by way of 1990, unfastened elections were held in so much international locations within the zone. 40 - in certain cases fifty - years of communism had come to an finish. notwithstanding, the 'revolutions' of 1989 weren't uniform tactics: the beginning issues have been varied, the trajectories have been various - and outdoors important Europe even the results of the transitions from communism have been various. the autumn of communism additionally prompted the Soviet empire to collapse, and the Soviet Union itself fell aside in December 1991 - as did Czechoslovakia in 1993, and Yugoslavia in a gentle technique that was once to final from 1991 to 2008. This publication originated in a convention held in Oslo 11-13 November 2009, prepared by means of the E.ON Ruhrgas scholarship programme for political technological know-how, and commemorating the 20 th anniversary of the 'revolutions' in relevant and japanese Europe. The sixteen chapters take inventory of advancements after 1989, with particular emphasis at the reasons and results of the transitions, together with the tactics of nation unification and separation that within the wake of the 'revolutions'. The ebook is split into 4 major components: regime transitions from communism; country unification and separation; celebration method continuity and alter because 1989 (in Germany, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland); and at the results of German unification on exterior and inner German family members. The geographical scope hence varies from bankruptcy to bankruptcy, however the major emphasis is on Germany and its closest valuable eu neighbours.
Elisabeth Bakke is affiliate Professor at division of Political technology, collage of Oslo. Ingo Peters is affiliate Professor at division of Political and Social Sciences, Otto Suhr Institute of Political technological know-how, Freie Universität Berlin.

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20 Years since the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Transitions, State Break-Up and Democratic Politics in Central Europe and Germany by Elisabeth Bakke,Ingo Peters


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